What is Leukemia? Leukemia is a cancer of the initial blood-forming cells. Most frequently, leukemia is a cancer of the WBC, but some leukemia’s start in other blood cell kinds. Leukemia is habitually defined as being either acute (fast-rising) or chronic (slow rising). Different kinds of leukemia have different cure choices and outlooks. In This Article, we will explain What is Leukemia? Risk Factor, Types, Leukemia Symptoms, and Treatment.
WBCs are a vivacious part of your immune system. They guard your body against incursion by bacteria, viruses, and fungi, as well as from atypical cells and other foreign matters. In leukemia, the WBC doesn’t work like normal WBC. They can also split too rapidly and ultimately mass out normal cells.
WBCs are typically shaped in the bone marrow, but assured types of WBCs are also made in the lymph nodes, spleen, and thymus gland. Once shaped, WBCs flow throughout your body in your blood and lymph (fluid that flows through the lymphatic system), absorbed in the lymph nodes and spleen.
Risk factors for leukemia
The causes of leukemia aren’t known. However, several factors have been identified which may increase your risk.
Being male or Caucasian
• Aged over 70
• A predisposing hematological disorder such as myelodysplastic syndrome
• A family history of CLL or lymphoma or any other blood cancer
• Previous chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatment
• Exposure to chemicals such as benzene or radiation
• Smoking, especially after the age of 60
The risk factors for childhood leukemia are similar to the above, although risk factors specific to childhood leukemia include:
- Having a sibling with leukemia
• Exposure to x-rays, cigarette smoke or alcohol before birth
• A history of MDS or aplastic anemia
• Chemotherapy or other drugs/cures that deteriorate the immune system
• Hereditary syndromes such as Down syndrome and Fanconi anemia
Types of Leukemia
Every leukemia patient is dissimilar. The cancer specialists at Cancer Treatment Centers of America® (CTCA) have broad knowledge in accurately staging and diagnosing the disease, and emerging a cure plan that’s tailored to your particular type of leukemia.
There are four main types of leukemia:
- Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
- Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)
- Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
The high variances between the 4 principal forms of leukemia have to do with their premiums of evolution and where the melanoma matures. ” power” leukemia cells do not develop the entire manner, so they don’t seem to be an expert of protecting against infections as traditional lymphocytes. “Acute” leukemia cells begin to copy before any immune capabilities have developed.
The symptoms of leukemia
- excessive sweating, especially at night (called “night sweats”)
- fatigue and weakness that doesn’t go away with rest
- unintentional weight loss
- bone pain and tenderness
- painless, swollen lymph nodes (especially in the neck and armpits)
- enlargement of the liver or spleen
- red spots on the skin called petechiae
- bleeding easily and bruising easily
- fever or chills
- frequent infections
Leukemia is usually treated by a hematologist-oncologist. These are doctors who specialize in blood disorders and cancer. The treatment depends on the type and stage of cancer. Some forms of leukemia grow slowly and don’t need immediate treatment. However, a cure for leukemia generally contains one or more of the following:
- Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy leukemia cells. Depending on the type of leukemia, you may take either a solo drug or a mixture of different drugs.
- Radiation treatment uses high-energy radioactivity to harm leukemia cells and constrain their growth. Radiation can be useful to a particular area or to your entire body.
- Stem cell transplantation replaces diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow, either your own (called autologous transplantation) or from a donor (called autologous transplantation). This procedure is also called a bone marrow transplant.
- The biological or immune therapy uses treatments that help your immune system recognize and attack cancer cells.
- Targeted therapy uses medications that take advantage of vulnerabilities in cancer cells. For example, imatinib (Gleevec) is a targeted drug that’s commonly used against CML.
These are the points as mentioned above of What is Leukemia? Risk Factor, Types, Leukemia Symptoms, and Treatment.