Typhoid Fever Symptoms and Treatment: Typhoid fever is a very acute one and is caused by a bacteria is known as “Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi”. It can be happened due to “Salmonella paratyphi” bacterium which causes a less illness. The bacteria are deposited in the water or in the food. Human is the carrier of this bacteria and then it spreads to other people in the area. In This Article, we will explain Typhoid Fever Symptoms and Treatment.
People with acute illness can contaminate the water through stool, which contains a large number of bacteria. The salmonella Typhi bacteria can survive through weeks in water and when the contaminated water is supplying to the house of other people and they are also attacked by this bacteria.
Generally, 3% to 5% people are the carriers of this bacteria and they become the long-term carrier – even though they have no symptoms at all. They become the source for the new outbreaks for a long term.
The salmonella Typhi bacteria attacks the small intestine after entering a human body and enter the bloodstream temporarily. Through white blood corpuscles, they reach in the liver, spleen and also in the bone marrow and begin to multiply themselves and reenter the bloodstream, at this point symptoms of fever occurs. Bacteria reach gallbladder, biliary system also the lymphatic tissue of the bowel where they multiply in higher numbers.
The bacteria pass into the intestinal tract and can be detected by the stool sample. If the result is not satisfactory then blood and urine sample can be tested for diagnosis.
Typhoid Fever Symptoms
The incubation period of Salmonella Typhi is from 1 to 2 weeks and the duration of the illness is from 3 to 4 weeks.
The symptoms are as follows:
a) poor appetite
d) aches in skin and pains in the joints
e) high fever as 104 degrees Fahrenheit and
f) lethargy. Chest congestion develops in many people. Abdominal pain and discomfort are the common symptoms. Fever becomes same, the improvement occurs only from third to fourth weeks.
Treatment of Typhoid
Antibiotics are used to treat the Typhoid fever. Some commonly used antibiotics are as follows: Chloromycetin from Chloramphenicol group, Trimox, Amoxil and Biomox from Amoxicillin group, Bactrim DS and Septra from Trimethoprim and Sulfamethoxazole group, Zithromax from Azithromycin group, Claforan from Cefotaxime group etc. The choice of antibiotics is guided by identifying the geographic region where the infection was contracted. If relapses occur when the patient is pretreated with antibiotics.
Prior to the use of antibiotics, the fatality rate was nearly 20%. Usually, the death occurred from high infection, intestinal bleeding or intestinal perforation. With antibiotics and other supportive care, the mortality rate came down to 1% to 2%.
Those who become chronically ill from the typhoid fever (generally 3% to 5% of those who are infected) can require treatment with antibiotics for a prolonged period. Sometimes amputation of the gallbladder, the site of chronic infection is needed to cure the patient.
Vaccines are available now to treat with Typhoid fever for those who work in high-risk areas.
It is important to drink boil water if the symptoms occur in your area and the food will also warm properly before intake. If you prevent yourself carefully then there will be less chance to be affected by Typhoid fever.
These are the points as mentioned above Typhoid Fever Symptoms and Treatment.