Type 1 diabetes and Type 1 diabetes Symptoms Type 1 diabetes is called as “Juvenile” diabetes. It is insulin-dependent diabetes.
Immune system attacks:
When type 1 diabetes occurs, it attacks its own pancreas. Till today scientists are not able to find the reason. The immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This is known as “Autoimmune” disease.
The “Islets” cells are sense glucose in the blood and produce necessary quantity of insulin to normalize blood sugar.
Insulin is the key to open cells to allow the glucose to enter into the cells to use glucose for energy.
Without the insulin, the sugar stays in the blood and cells starve without glucose.
The high level of blood sugar will damage eyes, kidneys, nerve cells and also heart which can lead human to death.
Here are The Type 1 Diabetes, Type 1 diabetes Symptoms, and Complications.
Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Bed-wetting for little children who previously did not wet the bed during the night.
- Extreme hunger
- Unintended weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Fatigue and weakness
These are the known factors of type 1 diabetes:
- Family history: If the parents have type 1 diabetes then there is a chance to spread this to their siblings.
- Genetics: The presence of certain genes can be a factor to develop type 1 diabetes.
- Geography: If you travel away from the equator, the chance of type 1 diabetes will increase.
- Age: The first peak occurs in children between the ages from 4 to 7 years and another peak is between 10 to 14 years. It is noticeable that type 1 diabetes generally occurs in children of certain ages though it can appear at any ages.
The patient will treat this disease by taking insulin hormone injection from outside. The glucose will come to the cells to produce energy when insulin therapy begins. The amount of insulin will depend upon the food, exercise, stress, and general health.
Complications of type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes can affect all the major organs which include heart, blood vessels, nerves, kidneys, and eyes.
Heart and blood vessel disease
Type 1 diabetes increases various cardiovascular problems such as chest pain or angina, stroke, heart attack, high blood pressure and narrowing of arteries.
Nerve damage or Neuropathy
Excess sugar will damage the walls of blood vessels which cause tingling, burning or pain in legs.
Damage to kidney or Nephropathy
The kidney filters the waste of blood by millions of blood vessels. Type 1 diabetes can damage this filter system. Severe damage to kidney will require treating with dialysis or the kidney transplant.
Damages of eyes
Type 1 diabetes can damage the blood vessels of the retina which is known as “Diabetic retinopathy” which causes permanent blindness. The other diseases which occur are cataract and glaucoma.
Mouth and skin infection
Type 1 diabetes may cause damages to skin and mouth leads towards several bacterial and fungal infections. Gum disease can occur due to this.
There is no way to prevent this fatal disease and till today scientists are not able to cure it completely. With proper treatment, it can be lower to some extent.
These are the points as mentioned above of The Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms.