Preeclampsia Symptoms, Causes and Preeclampsia Treatment

preeclampsia symptoms

Preeclampsia Symptoms, Causes During your pregnancy, you may have high blood pressure and there may be the symptoms of swelling in your face, hands and also in your feet. There may be protein in your urine. It may occur during your third trimester, after the 20th week of pregnancy or in some cases it may occur earlier. This is known as preeclampsia. During this period you may have low quantities of blood platelets or may develop kidney or liver troubles. This condition is known as toxemia or pregnancy-induced hypertension. In this article, we will explain Preeclampsia Symptoms, Causes, and Preeclampsia Treatment.

Preeclampsia has occurred in 5% to 10% of pregnant women.

What causes preeclampsia?

Still today doctors are unable to find the exact cause of preeclampsia but there are some possible causes which are as follows:

  • Genetic factors.
  • Diet
  • Problems in blood vessels.
  • Autoimmune disorder.

There are some risk factors which can increase your chances of developing preeclampsia. They are as follows:

  1. Being pregnant with multiple fetuses.
  2. If you are over the age of 35.
  3. Being in your early teens.
  4. If you are pregnant for the first time.
  5. If you have obesity.
  6. If you have a history of high blood pressure.
  7. If you have a history of diabetes.
  8. If you have a history of a kidney disorder.

Preeclampsia Symptoms

It is to be noted that you may develop some preeclampsia symptoms which include:

preeclampsia symptoms

  • A persistent headache.
  • Abnormal swelling of your hands and face
  • Sudden weight gain
  • Changes in your vision

During your routine examination, your physician may find that your blood pressure is higher than the recommended normal pressure, say about 140/90 mm Hg. The normal pressure is 120/80 mm Hg. During your urine and blood tests, there may be the trace of protein in your urine. The liver enzymes may also be abnormal and also your platelets levels are low.

Your physician will perform a nonstress test to make sure that your fetus is moving normally. This is a very simple test by which your physician will measure the fetal heart rate changes during the movement of the fetus. There may be an ultrasound test to check the levels of fluid and also the health of the fetus.

What is the treatment for preeclampsia?

There is only one safe solution to cure preeclampsia is the delivery of your baby. If your preeclampsia is severe enough it can be a warning sign to save your fetus. This time there may be a need to deliver your baby prematurely.

preeclampsia symptoms

These are the signs of severe preeclampsia:

  • Changes in the fetal heart rate that indicate distress.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Seizures
  • Impaired kidney function.
  • Fluid in the lungs.

Your physician may recommend some solution if your preeclampsia is low.

He may recommend you to have a complete bed rest or reducing your salt intake.

You have to drink more water.

And most important that you have to visit your physician at a regular interval as your physician will recommend.

You may have to take medicine to help lower your blood pressure.

If your condition is critical, you may be advised to admit to the hospital for thorough monitoring. You may require some intravenous (IV) medications to lower your blood pressure.


Preeclampsia is very common for a pregnant woman. Take the advice of your physician to give birth a healthy baby.

So, these are the above-mentioned Preeclampsia symptoms, Causes, and Treatment.


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