Mouth cancer or oral cancer can be formed in the lips, in the gums, on the tongue, in the salivary glands. In This Article, We Will Explain Mouth Cancer, Sign Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Prevention.
Sign and symptoms of mouth cancer
- Red or red and white patch on the tongue.
- Mouth ulcers that never cured.
- Pain in jaws or stiffness.
- A lump occurs on tongue or jaws.
- Pain during swallowing.
- Tongue pain.
- Pain in the throat.
- Pain in the ear or neck.
When these types of symptoms occur, it is advisable to consult with the doctor for a checkup.
Why oral cancer occurs is unknown at this moment but some risk factors cause for the developing of mouth cancer.
Risk factors for developing mouth cancer
Those people who are using tobacco and alcohol are generally affected by oral cancer.
Those people who used to take red meat, fried foods or processed meat have a chance to develop mouth cancer.
Chewing of tobacco is also a cause to develop mouth cancer.
Gastro-esophageal reflux disease, a disorder of digestive condition can be a cause to develop mouth cancer.
National Health Service of United Kingdom refers that broken teeth may be a factor for developing mouth cancer.
Those people who have radiation therapy in the neck or head may develop a tendency to form mouth cancer.
Diagnosis of mouth cancer
Biopsy, where a small sample of tissues have been cut and send to analyze whether mouth cancer has been formed.
Brush biopsy, where tissues have been collected from painless areas of mouth by brushing them in one side.
Tests to determine oral cancer
Endoscopy is a process where a lighted pipe has been put through the mouth of the affected person to determine how far the cancer has been spread.
X-ray, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT) scans are the present methods to diagnose properly the conditions of cancer.
Mouth or oral cancer is staged in the following ways
The size of the tumor is below I inch and yet not reached the lymph nodes to its nearby position.
The size of tumor developed from 1 to 2 inches but yet not reached the lymph nodes to its nearby position.
There are some options which can be described as follows: a) the tumor is more than 2 inches but yet not spread, b) it has spread to its nearest lymph node of the same side as a tumor, c) the lymph node is more than 1 inch.
This is the most critical stage where cancer affected the tissues of lips, mouth or nearby lymph nodes. At this stage, it can spread to the rest of the human body.
Surgery, Radiation therapy or Chemotherapy is the treatment.
Prevention of mouth or oral cancer:
Change of lifestyle can prevent oral cancer as follows:
- a) Avoid tobacco totally both in the form of smoking and chewing.
- b) Avoid consuming alcohol totally.
- c) Avoid to use sunscreen lotion on lips and try to avoid excessive sun exposure.
- d) Avoid consuming junk foods and processed meat and foods.
These are the points as mentioned above of The Mouth Cancer.