Kidney Stone Surgery – Kidney Stones Surgical Treatment

Kidney stone surgery

Kidney stone surgery: Kidney stones are made of calcium or waste products of the human body, such as uric acid. They start growing in small sizes but will large in sizes when more waste product deposit on them. In this Article, we will explain Kidney stone surgery.

If the stones are small, they can move easily through urinary tract but those are large in sizes often struck in the urinary tract. There comes the reason for surgery to remove them.

Kidney stone surgery

Kidney stone surgery

The reasons for surgery: The reasons are as follows:

  1. The sizes of stones are large and cannot pass the urinary tract.
  2. If the patient suffers a lot of pain.
  3. The stones are obstructing the flow of urine from the kidney.
  4. There are urinary tract infections due to the stones.

Treatment of large kidney stones:

If the kidney stones are 6 to 7mm. in diameter or larger than that then these will not pass naturally through the urinary tract. To remove them alternative treatment is required.

There are the following processes to remove large kidney stones:

  1. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
  2. Ureteroscopy
  3. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
  4. Open surgery

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy:

It is the most common treatment for removing of kidney stones. It is the best treatment for small to medium stones. There will be no cut in the skin during this treatment.

During this treatment, a patient lies on the table and the doctor uses X-ray or ultrasound to locate the stones in the kidney. Then the doctor uses high energy shock waves from outside. These waves go through the skin and break the kidney stones into smaller pieces.

The doctor puts a tube in the ureter of the patient which is called stent. Stent help to flow urine from the kidneys to the bladder. The smaller pieces of stones will pass through the stent. This process will take an hour to complete.


Kidney stone surgery

Uterescopy is used to remove stones from kidneys and ureters. A doctor uses a flexible thin scope which passes through bladder and ureters and moves into the kidneys. No cuts are required in this process. If the stones are larger in size, then the doctor uses a laser through the scope to break the stones. A stent is used afterward to drain the urine from the kidneys to the bladder.

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy:

Kidney stone surgery

If the kidney stones are large enough or lithotripsy does not break stones as required, then this type of surgery is required. PCNL uses a small tube to reach the stones and they are break by the high-frequency sound waves. The patient gives anesthesia locally or fulls to sleep quietly.

The surgeon will cut a small portion to make a hole in the back or side of the patient and place a thin scope through that hole. This surgery can be done in two ways:


kidney stones are removed through the tube.


the surgeon uses laser or sound waves to break the stones and vacuums up the pieces of the stones with the help of a suction machine. A stent is used to help pass the urine from the kidneys to the bladder. This process may take 20 to 45 minutes.

Open surgery

Open surgery is rarely done nowadays to remove kidney stones. If the above three processes will not be satisfactory then this is the process to remove the stones.


The kidney stones can remove without so much of hassle today. If you can drink a lot of water then it may help you to flush all the small pieces of stones naturally through urine.

These are the above mentioned Kidney Stone Surgery or kidney stone treatment.


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