How Chemotherapy Works against Cancer?

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how chemotherapy works
how chemotherapy works

How Chemotherapy Works Chemotherapy is the treatment of cancer by a medicine or a combination of medicines. The reason for chemotherapy is trying to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells. In this article, we will explain How Chemotherapy Works against cancer.

Chemo is known as a systemic therapy. That means it may affect your body partly or entirely. There are also side effects of chemo as its medications attack rapidly growing cancer cells but also it may attack the healthy cells also that grow rapidly.

How Chemotherapy Works

Chemotherapy is used to treat cancer, the possibility of the chance it may not return again or stop or slow the growth of cancer cells.

how chemotherapy works

Chemotherapy eases the cancer symptoms

Chemotherapy is used to reduce the tumors that are causing pain or other problems.

How Chemotherapy Works with other cancer treatments:

When used with other treatments, chemotherapy can:

1. Reduce the tumor smaller in size before surgery or radiation therapy which is known as neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

2. Helps to destroy the leftover cancer cells that may have a chance remain after surgery or radiation therapy which is known as adjuvant chemotherapy.

3. Help other treatments to work efficiently.

4. Helps to kill cancer cells that may have returned or spread to other parts of the body.

How chemotherapy is given:

Chemotherapy can be given in many ways. They are as follows:

Oral

The chemotherapy comes in the form of pills, capsules or liquids that a patient can swallow.

Intravenous (IV)

The chemotherapy goes directly into the vein of a patient with the help of a pump, port or catheter.

Injection

The chemotherapy is given with the help of injection in a muscle in your arm, thighs, and hip. It may give in leg or belly.

Intraperitoneal (IP)

The chemotherapy goes directly into the peritoneal cavity, which is the area in the patient’s body as intestines, stomach, and liver.

Intrathecal

The chemotherapy is injected into the space between the tissue layers which cover the brain and the spinal cord of the patient.

Intra-arterial (IA)

how chemotherapy works

The chemotherapy is injected directly into the artery that causes cancer of the patient.

Topical

The chemotherapy comes in the form of a cream that a patient rub on the skin.

Chemotherapy is usually given to a patient with the help of a thin needle in a vein on the hand or lower arm. Intravenous chemotherapy can also be given through ports, catheter and sometimes with the help of a pump.

Port

Port is a small, round disc which is placed during minor surgery. With the help of a surgeon, it is placed in the body of a patient before the treatment begins and it will remain there until the course will finish. A catheter connects the port with the large vein, generally on the chest. It will be the convenient way to give chemo or draw blood.

Catheter

how chemotherapy works

A catheter is a thin and soft tube which is placed near the large vein, generally on the chest. The other side will stay outside. It will remain in the body of a patient until the chemotherapy treatment finishes. The catheter is used to give other drugs also and to draw the blood sample.

Pump

Pumps are attached with catheter or port. They control the rate of chemotherapy, how much and how fast the chemo goes into a catheter or port.

It will allow receiving chemotherapy outside the hospital. Pumps are two types i.e. internal and external. Internal pump is set into the body of a patient during surgery and the external pump will remain outside of the patient.

Conclusion

Chemotherapy can slow down your cancer growth but the side effects are also there. Your hair will completely fall out but it will come back after chemo stops.

So, these are the points as mentioned above on The How chemotherapy works?.

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