Hernia, Causes, Types, and hernia symptoms A Hernia can be defined when an organ of your body exits through the wall of a cavity in the muscle or tissue that holds it in place. Generally, a hernia occurs in the abdomen which is most common, but they can also appear in the upper thigh, belly button, and also groin areas. In this article, we will explain Hernia Causes, Types of Hernia and Hernia symptoms.
What causes a hernia?
A hernia occurs by the combination of strain and muscle weakness. A hernia may develop quickly or over a long period of time is depends upon its cause.
The most common causes of muscular weakness include:
- Failure of the abdominal wall to close properly in the uterus, which is a hereditary defect.
- Chronic coughing.
- Damage from injury or surgery.
If your muscles are weak that strain your body and may cause the problem of a hernia, include:
- If you are pregnant, which puts pressure on your abdomen.
- If you have constipation, which causes you to strain when having a bowel movement.
- If you are used to lifting heavy weight.
- If you have fluid in the abdomen or ascites.
- If you are suddenly gaining weight.
- If you have surgery in the area.
- If you have persistent coughing or sneezing.
Types of Hernia
Here are many Types of Hernia include:
- Inguinal hernia
It is the most common type of a hernia. It happens about 70% of the people. These hernias generally occur when the intestines push through a cavity or tear in the lower abdominal wall, usually in the inguinal canal which is found in your groin. This type is found more in men than in women.
- Hiatal hernia
A hiatal hernia occurs when part of your stomach extends up through the diaphragm into your chest cavity. The diaphragm helps you to breathe by drawing and contracting air into the lungs. It acts as a separator in the organs in your abdomen from those in your chest. This type of a hernia is found in the people who are over 50 years.
- Umbilical hernia
This type of a hernia usually occurs in the children and the babies who are less than six months of age. This happens when their intestines swelling through their abdominal wall near their bellybutton. This is the only type of a hernia which can go away when the muscles of abdomen become stronger.
- Incisional hernia
This type of a hernia can occur only after if you have an abdominal surgery. Your intestines may burst through the incision scar or the surrounding or weakened tissue.
A hernia can be identified with a lump in the affected area. In the case of an inguinal hernia, you may find a lump on either side of your pubic bone where your groin and thigh meet.
You can feel your hernia by touching when you are standing up, bending down, or coughing.
If your baby develops a hernia, you may able to feel the lump only when their crying. A lump is the only symptom of an umbilical hernia. Here are some Hernia Symptoms include:
Other common symptoms of an inguinal hernia include:
- Pain in the affected area when bending over, coughing, or lifting.
- Weakness, pressure, or a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen.
- A burning, gurgling, or aching sensation at the site of the lump.
Other symptoms of a hiatal hernia include:
- Acid reflux during the stomach acid moves backward into the esophagus causing a burning sensation.
- Chest pain.
- Difficulty swallowing.