Chicken pox symptoms Chickenpox which is known as varicella also is identified by the itchy red blisters that appear all over the body. Chickenpox is caused by a virus. It often affects children and is so common it was considered a childhood rite of passage. Generally, it is very rare to have the chickenpox infection more than once. The chickenpox vaccine was introduced in the mid-1990s. From that time, the cases of chickenpox have declined. In This article, we will explain Chicken pox Symptoms and Causes.
What causes chickenpox?
The chickenpox infection is caused by Varicella-zoster virus (VZV).In most cases, it occurs through the contact with an infected person. The virus is highly infectious to those near you for one to two days before your blisters start to appear. Varicella-zoster virus remains infectious until all blisters have crusted over.
The virus can spread through:
- Sneezing and
- Contact with the fluid from the blisters.
Who is at risk of developing the chicken pox?
If you are near to an infected person then you will have a chance of being infected. The chance increases under any of these conditions:
- You have had recent contact with an infected person.
- You are under 12 years of age.
- You are an adult living with children.
- You have spent time in a school or childcare facility.
- Your immune system is compromised due to illness or medications.
The complications may occur in infants, older adults, people with weak an immune system and also in pregnant women. If a woman is infected with chickenpox during her pregnancy she may bear a child with birth defects which includes:
- Poor growth of the child
- Small head size of the baby
- Intellectual disabilities of the child and
- Eye problems with the baby.
Chicken pox Symptoms
Generally, The itchy rash on your body is the most common symptom of chickenpox. The infection will have to continue in your body nearly from 7 to 21 days before the rash and other chicken pox symptoms develop. You start to be infectious to those around you up to 48 hours before the skin rash starts to occur.
You will be still in infected condition unless all the blisters on your body have scabbed over. The crusty scabbed areas eventually fall off. It takes seven to 14 days to disappear completely.
Your non-rash symptoms can stay for a few days and include:
- Loss of appetite
You will experience these symptoms for one or two days, then the classic rash will begin to develop. The rash goes through three phases before you recover. These include:
- You will have developed red or pink bumps all over your body.
- The bumps on your body become blisters filled with fluid that leaks.
- The bumps become crusty, scab over, and begin to heal.
The bumps which developed on your body will not be in the same stage at the same time as new bumps will appear continuously throughout your infection.
Chickenpox is very rare now due to the vaccine. But you have to take care as there may an infected person in your surroundings.