What is AIDS and Symptoms of AIDS / HIV ?

what is aids
what is aids

What is AIDS and Symptoms of AIDS / HIV?

The full form of AIDS is “Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome” when HIV virus is attack human body, it damages the whole immune system. The CD4 cells when damaged, then this disease occurs. CD4 cells are helping human to protect from illness. It is unfortunate that unlike other diseases, HIV virus cannot be removed by the immune system. In This Article, We Will Explain What is AIDS and Symptoms of AIDS / HIV.


It is important to notice the fact is AIDS and HIV are not the same thing at all. When a person has advanced stage 3 HIV infection which destroys completely the immune system, he can be called having AIDS. If a person has advanced HIV with of advanced AIDS-defining symptoms, he must consult the physician to get the right treatment, as right treatment can low the possibility of AIDS-related infection and control HIV.


The full form of HIV is “Human Immunodeficiency Virus”. During a first attack or initial infection, we cannot notice any symptom of HIV infection other than influenza or similar disease.

Generally, HIV infection pattern is like the following: Prolong illness, asymptomatic period and advanced infection. The ultimate stage of HIV infection is called AIDS where the immune system of the human is completely damaged, so there are chances to be infected by other diseases easily.




what is aids


Symptoms of AIDS


The symptoms of AIDS for men and women are as follows:

  • Persistent diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Ulcers or sores in the mouth
  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing
  • Neurological disorders
  • memory loss
  • Recurring night sweatsRecurring fever.


In addition to these symptoms, women may have the experience of vaginal infection and pelvic inflammatory disease.


How HIV spread to human


HIV is mainly spread through unprotected sex which includes both anal and oral sex, through hypodermic needles, contaminated blood transfusion, from mother to her children during pregnancy, during the time of delivery.


Let us discuss the stages of HIV which is divided into three categories a) Acute primary infection, b) The asymptomatic stage and c) Symptomatic stage.


what is aids

Acute primary infection

After infected with HIV, around 1 to 4 weeks a few patients experience the symptom of flu that may last around 1 to 2 weeks but that is not the positive diagnosis of HIV. If the patient is worried about HIV infection, then it is better to consult with the doctor. The symptoms of HIV are as follows: Fever with high temperature, Body rash, Sore throat, Swollen glands, Headache, Upset stomach, Joint aches and pains and Muscle pains.

These symptoms may happen as your body is responding to HIV virus which is circulating through blood system and your immune system is fighting HIV virus by producing HIV antibodies. This process is called seroconversion.


The asymptomatic stage

After the seroconversion stage is completed, the patient will feel better as a fact that HIV virus may suppress up to 10 to 15 years, but the virus will alive and prepare to make the copy of itself and slowly damage the immune system severely for over the years.


Symptomatic stage

During this stage, HIV virus will damage the immune system severely and human can affect with serious bacterial or fungal infections. These infections are known as “Opportunistic infections”.

There is a proverb that prevention is better than cure so if you think that you have a chance of HIV virus infection consult with your physician as soon as possible to get rid of AIDS which is a fatal disease.

These are the points as mentioned above of what is aids and Symptoms of Aids.


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